China won the opening two events of the programme, with Li Zhang Yu victorious in the men's Individual C1-2-3 1km Time Trial before Zeng Sini won the women's Individual C1-2-3 Pursuit.
Australia's Susan Powell won the women's Individual C4 Pursuit and Kieran Modra and Scott McPhee triumphed in the day's final event, the men's Individual B Pursuit, after Britain's Sarah Storey won the Individual C5 Pursuit.
Li won gold with a C1 world record of 1:13.009, converted to 1:05.021, with Britain's Mark Colbourne second in 1:16.882, converted to 1:08.471, and Tobias Graf of Germany third after setting a C2 world record of 1:15.858, converted to 1:09.979.
'In training I've been performing very steady,' Li said. 'My performances have been going up, so I was expecting to win.'
Further success for the hosts of the last Paralympics came when Zeng triumphed in 4:20.820, narrowly outside the world record she set in qualification, with Simone Kennedy of Australia second and Allison Jones of the USA third.
Powell won the C4 event in 4:05.200, with Megan Fisher of the USA second and Alexandra Green of Australia third.
Powell said: 'I didn't dare to dream. I'm just so happy I can't describe.'
Storey set a world record in qualifying fastest for the C5 competition in 3:32.170 and caught final opponent Anna Harkowska of Poland after six-and-a-half of the 12 laps to win.
New Zealand's Fiona Southorn claimed bronze.
Modra and McPhee won an all-Australian final in the B Pursuit, clocking a world record of 4:17.756, with Bryce Lindores and Sean Finning second in 4:22.269 and Spain's Miguel Angel Clemente and Diego Munoz third in 4:24.015.