The club, which weighs a minimum of 397g, is thrown from within a throwing cage and must land within the designated lines in the throwing sector.
Visually impaired athletes are permitted to be accompanied by a guide, who can help to orientate them using their voice.
All throwing events are run as straight finals. Each athlete takes three throws and the best eight go on for a further three throws. The athlete with the furthest throw wins the gold medal. In seated throws with large numbers of competitors, two separate circles may be used at the same time for athletes taking their first three throws. The best eight then move to a single circle for the final three throws.
In the event of a tie, athletes’ second-best throws are compared, followed by their third, and so on.
Throwing events are not just about brute strength, but also about technique. Each throw has several aspects to it, such as the grip, the run up or the turn in the case of ambulant athletes, as well as the throwing action itself. The winning athlete will have every aspect of their throw perfect, enabling them to achieve the greatest distance.
Keys to success
Breaking the rules
Certain throws can be invalid and athletes can be penalised for infractions such as stepping out of the front of the runway or throwing circle, or lifting out of a seated position during the throw.
For more information, please go to the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) website.