During the London 2012 Games, nearly 400 competitors were shooting for gold across 15 dramatic events.
Having been practised competitively for centuries, the tense and demanding sport of Shooting is now popular all over the world.
Saturday 28 July – Monday 6 August
Number of medal events
15 – across men’s and women’s Rifle, Pistol and Shotgun events.
Number of competitors
390: 223 men and 143 women, 24 to be confirmed
Each country is limited to 28 athletes (10 men and eight women). This equates to two athletes in all events, except for the women’s Trap and Skeet where only one athlete per country is allowed.
Field of play
Athletes shoot at stationary targets in a range in the Rifle and Pistol events, and at moving targets in the Shotgun events.
History of Shooting at the Olympic Games
With the exceptions of the St Louis1904 and Amsterdam 1928 Games, Shooting has featured on every Olympic programme since the first modern Games in 1896. Women’s events were added to the schedule at Los Angeles 1984.
Olympic Shooting events fall into three disciplines: Rifle, Pistol, and Shotgun events. In Rifle and Pistol events, competitors aim at a 10-ring target from a set distance (10m, 25m or 50m).
Depending on the event, athletes are required to shoot from standing, kneeling or prone (lying down) positions.
In Shotgun events, competitors shoot at moving clay targets launched above and in front of them.
For a complete set of rules, please refer to the website of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF), International Federation for the sport.
A range officer is responsible for the safe running of the competition. Athletes must listen to their instruction and obey their words of command at all times.
An international jury is present at all events to ensure that shooters stay within the rules and to deal with any appeals.
Keys to success
Shooting is a tense and testing sport that requires immense reserves of skill and nerve. The winning athlete must remain cool under the enormous pressure that an Olympic competition brings.
Double Trap – Shooting competition in which two clay targets are launched simultaneously in front of the shooter.
Pistol – one of three firearms used in Olympic Shooting, and the only one to be shot with one hand.
Shoot-off – a tiebreaker.
Trap – the device used for launching clay targets into the air.
3 positions – Rifle events in which competitors shoot in standing, kneeling and prone positions.
If you want to find out about shooting in your country, including clubs, facilities and coaching schemes, check the website of your National Governing Body. To find out how you can get involved in shooting in the UK, go to thegamesandbeyond.com
For more information on the wrestling competition at London 2012 and the rules, go to the website of the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF), the governing body for the sport.